Personalised parameter estimation of the cardiovascular system: Leveraging data assimilation and sensitivity analysis

SAXTON, Harry, SCHENKEL, Torsten, HALLIDAY, Ian and XU, Xu (2023). Personalised parameter estimation of the cardiovascular system: Leveraging data assimilation and sensitivity analysis. Journal of Computational Science, 74: 102158.

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Detailed models of dynamical systems used in the life sciences may include hundreds of state variables and many input parameters, often with physical meanings. Therefore, efficient and unique input parameter identification, from experimental data, is an essential but challenging task for this class of models. This study presents a comprehensive analysis of a nine-dimensional single ventricle lumped-parameter model, representing the systemic circulation. This model is formulated in terms of differential algebraic equations, often found in other areas of the life sciences. We introduce a novel computational algorithm designed to incorporate patient-specific beat-to-beat variability into model investigations, utilising the Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) for efficient parameter estimation. Our findings demonstrate the exceptional adaptability of the UKF to severe parameter perturbations, representing significant physiological changes. Furthermore, we provide novel insights into the continuous sensitivity of model input parameters, illustrating the robustness and efficacy of UKF. The monitoring of a patient’s physiological state, with minimal delay, becomes feasible, by incorporating patient-specific measurements and leveraging the UKF. The workflow presented in this paper enables prompt identification of pathophysiological conditions and will improve patient care.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Article version: AM ** From Elsevier via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for AM version of this article starting on 18-10-2023: **Journal IDs: issn 18777503 **History: issued 28-10-2023; accepted 09-10-2023
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SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
Depositing User: Colin Knott
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2023 10:47
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2023 16:15

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