Gesture recognition with a 2D low-resolution embedded camera to minimise intrusion in robot-led training of children with autism spectrum disorder

ERCOLANO, Giovanni, ROSSI, Silvia, CONTI, Daniela and DI NUOVO, Alessandro (2024). Gesture recognition with a 2D low-resolution embedded camera to minimise intrusion in robot-led training of children with autism spectrum disorder. Applied Intelligence.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10489-0...
Open Access URL: https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s104... (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10489-024-05477-z

Abstract

Growing evidence shows the potential benefits of robot-assisted therapy for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). However, when developing new robotics technologies, it must be considered that this condition often causes increased anxiety in unfamiliar settings. Indeed, children with ASD have difficulties accepting changes like introducing multiple new technological devices in their routines, therefore, embedded solutions should be preferred. Also, in this context, robots should be small as children find the bigger ones scary. This leads to limited computing resources onboard as small batteries power them. This article presents a study on gesture recognition using video recorded only by the camera embedded in a NAO robot, while it was leading a clinical procedure. The video is 2D and low quality because of the limits of the NAO-embedded computing resources. The recognition is made more challenging by robot movements, which alter the vision by moving the camera and sometimes by obstructing it with the robot’s arms for short periods. Despite these challenging real-world conditions, in our experiments, we have tuned and improved state-of-the-art algorithms to yield an accuracy higher than in the gesture classification, with the best accuracy being . This level of accuracy is suitable for evaluating the children’s performance and providing information for the diagnosis and continuous assessment of the therapy. We have also considered the performance improvement of using a low-power GPU-AI accelerator embedded system, which could be included in future robots, to enable gesture analysis during the therapy, which could be adapted to the child’s performance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0801 Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing; Artificial Intelligence & Image Processing; 46 Information and computing sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10489-024-05477-z
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2024 10:24
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2024 10:24
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/33770

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