BOWLES, David P., ARMITAGE, Chris J., DRABBLE, Jennifer and MEYER, Björn (2013). Self-esteem and other-esteem in college students with borderline and avoidant personality disorder features: An experimental vignette study. Personality and Mental Health, 7 (4), 307-319.
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An experimental study investigated self- and other-esteem responses to either fully supportive or less supportive interpersonal feedback in college students with avoidant and borderline personality disorder features (APD and BPD, respectively). Disturbances in self-esteem and in evaluations of others are central to definitions of both APD and BPD, but the extent to which such interpersonal appraisals are responsive to contextual features, such as evaluative feedback from others, is not yet clear. In theory, we would expect that individuals with pronounced PD features would show more inflexible and more negative self- and other-evaluations than those without PD features. In this study with 169 undergraduates, APD but not BPD features were associated with other-contingent state self-esteem and other-esteem. A significant interaction indicated that highly avoidant respondents felt particularly negatively about themselves and their close others in situations that conveyed subtle criticism but not in situations signaling unequivocal support. This suggests that their self- and other-esteem, rather than being rigidly negative, is instead highly contingent upon interpersonal feedback. Such context-contingency has implications for the trait-like description of diagnostic characteristics within current taxonomies and is in line with contemporary dynamic models of personality structure and process.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||self-esteem, other-esteem, avoidant personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, experimental vignette study|
|Research Institute, Centre or Group:||Psychology Research Group|
|Depositing User:||David Bowles|
|Date Deposited:||07 May 2014 16:44|
|Last Modified:||21 Oct 2016 04:04|
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