Dynamic models to reconstruct ancient landscapes

KORMANN, Mariza and LOCK, Gary (2013). Dynamic models to reconstruct ancient landscapes. In: CONTRERAS, F., FARJAS, M. and MELERO, F.J., (eds.) CAA 2010: Fusion of Cultures. Proceeding s of the 38th Annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. BAR International Series (2494). Oxford, UK, Archaeopress, British Archaeological Reports, 169-176.

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In this paper a method of landscape analysis is demonstrated through raster-based digital elevation models (DEM) using the case-study of the Helike Delta, Gulf of Corinth, Greece. In the Classical Period, Helike was the seat of the Achaean League and the worship centre of the god Helikonian Poseidon. With the focus on the earthquake and tsunami of 373BC, DEMs are generated using dynamic models of sea level rise, tectonic and pulse tectonic uplift, sub-sidence, and sediment deposition. Starting with a DEM from the present day landscape, simulated DEM models are generated for the Early Helladic II/III (2500-2100BC), Classical (480-323BC), Hellenistic (323-146 BC), and Roman (1st Century BC – 4th Century AD Periods). The models shed light on archaeological interpretation concerning the continuity and discontinuity of human occupation in the Helike Delta. Moreover, the method demonstrates a new approach to dynamic landscape analysis using GIS that is general and can be applied to any landscape. Keywords: GIS, dynamic models, raster-based DEM, landscape analysis, geomorphology, geoarchaeology, Helike Delta

Item Type: Book Section
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Cultural Communication and Computing Research Institute > Communication and Computing Research Centre
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Depositing User: Mariza Kormann
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2014 09:10
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2015 03:17
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/5285

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