Bonding mechanisms in the application of thermal barrier coatings to turbine blades.

HOQUE, Abdul. (2004). Bonding mechanisms in the application of thermal barrier coatings to turbine blades. Doctoral, Sheffield Hallam University (United Kingdom)..

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Thermal barrier coatings (TBC's) are used to protect gas turbine blades from environmental degradation as well as to increase thermodynamic efficiency. Most TBC systems consist of a ceramic thermal barrier coating such as partially stabilized zirconia adhering to an oxidation resistant bond coat, which in turn is bonded to the turbine blade. This is required since partially stabilised zirconia will not readily bond to superalloys. However, the TBC can fail in service either by bond coat oxidation or thermal expansion mismatch between the bond coat and the TBC. A systematic literature survey has shown that the superalloy substrate material, type of bond coat selected, with the coating application techniques i.e. thermal spray or Electron Beam PVD (EBPVD) plays a fundamental role in determining the failure mechanisms involved. This program of work is concerned with the development of coatings with enhanced temperature capabilities for turbine blade applications by understanding the fundamental mechanisms responsible for adhesion between the nickel based turbine blade and zirconia based TBC. An understanding of the bonding mechanisms will allow the design of advanced coating systems with increased operating temperatures. This program of work introduces the Glow Discharge Optical Emission Spectroscopy (GDOES) technique, an atomic emission technique used for both bulk and depth profile analysis, which had not previously been applied to TBC's, and SEM and TEM in order to enhance understanding of failure modes in TBC systems and adhesion process. The results obtained from the studies indicate that the GDOES technique can be applied to depth profile bond coats and exposed TBC systems both qualitatively and semi-quantitatively. GDOES has been able to detect elements such as silicon and sodium that are in the ppm levels which are difficult / impossible to detect using EDX systems, and are very important in coating developments. In addition, as a preliminary guide GDOES has shown Ti diffusion from the superalloy substrate into the bond coat to be detrimental towards coating adhesion on most of the systems studied.The results of SEM and cross-sectional TEM on selected bond coat systems has shown the low cost Pt bond coat microstructure system to consist of TBC, Al2O3 bond coat and CMSX-4 superalloy substrate in all cases. The intermediate layer between the TBC and bond coat consists of Al2O3 which has been identified as responsible for maintaining the adhesion. Also identified is evidence of Ti segregation at the Al2O3 / bond coat interface, known to lead to decohesion in coatings. Failure in the low cost Pt bond coat system has been identified as the decohesion between the interfacial layer of Al2O3 and the bond coat.The program of studies has enabled failure mechanisms and factors affecting bonding to be identified in low cost Pt bond coat systems, so that in future better coating systems with enhanced properties can be designed This should also ensure that improved reliability in engines and increased service life of turbine blades be achieved.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Thesis advisor - Crawley, J.
Thesis advisor - Bramhall, Mike
Additional Information: Thesis (Ph.D.)--Sheffield Hallam University (United Kingdom), 2004.
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Sheffield Hallam Doctoral Theses
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2018 17:20
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2021 11:54

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