An investigation of the influence of different transparent conducting oxide substrates/front contacts on the performance of CdS/CdTe thin-film solar cells

ECHENDU, O.K., DEJENE, F.B. and DHARMADASA, I (2017). An investigation of the influence of different transparent conducting oxide substrates/front contacts on the performance of CdS/CdTe thin-film solar cells. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. (In Press)

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Abstract

CdS/CdTe/Au thin film solar cells have been fabricated on different transparent conducting oxide (TCO) substrates/front contacts to study the influence of these different TCOs on the performance of the devices. The TCOs used were ZnO, ZnO:Al and SnO2:F. Under dark condition, all three device structures of the type glass/TCO/n-CdS/n-CdTe/Au n-n heterojunction+Schottky barrier, show interesting rectifying behaviors with rectification factors (RF) in the range (102.5 – 105.0), Schottky barrier heights (ΦB) greater than (0.69 – 0.81) eV, diode ideality factors (n) in the range (1.85 – 2.12), reverse saturation current densities (J0) in the range (3.18×10-6 – 3.18×10-8) Acm-2, series resistances (Rs) in the range (507 – 1114) Ω and shunt resistances (Rsh) in the range (0.84 – 271) MΩ. The device structures glass/SnO2:F/n-CdS/n-CdTe/Au and glass/FTO/ZnO:Al/n-CdS/n-CdTe/Au show the best performance with equal J0 of 3.18×10-8 Acm-2, equal ΦB > 0.81 eV, RF of 104.9 and 105.0, n value of 2.01 and 2.12, Rs of 615 Ω and 507 Ω and Rsh of 197 and 271 MΩ respectively. The device structure with ZnO shows the least performance. Under AM1.5 illumination, the device structure glass/SnO2:F/n-CdS/n-CdTe/Au shows the best solar cell performance with open-circuit voltage of 630 mV, short-circuit current density of 23.5 mAcm-2, fill factor of 0.44 and conversion efficiency of 6.5%, and is followed by the device structure with ZnO:Al showing a conversion efficiency of 6.0%. Suggested energy band diagrams of the devices as well as possible reasons for the observed trends in performance are presented and discussed.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group: Materials and Engineering Research Institute > Thin Films Research Centre > Electronic Materials and Sensors Research Group
Depositing User: Jill Hazard
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2017 12:47
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2017 18:26
URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/16625

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