Unexpectedly high barriers to M–P rotation in tertiary phobane complexes : PhobPR behavior that is commensurate with tBu2PR

LISTER, Julia M., CARREIRA, Monica, HADDOW, Mairi F., HAMILTON, Alex, MCMULLIN, Claire L., ORPEN, A. Guy, PRINGLE, Paul G. and STENNETT, Tom E. (2014). Unexpectedly high barriers to M–P rotation in tertiary phobane complexes : PhobPR behavior that is commensurate with tBu2PR. Organometallics, 33 (3), 702-714.

Phobanes.pdf - Accepted Version
All rights reserved.

Download (1MB) | Preview
Official URL: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/om400980e
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1021/om400980e


The four isomers of 9-butylphosphabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane, s-PhobPBu, where Bu = n-butyl, sec-butyl, isobutyl, tert-butyl, have been prepared. Seven isomers of 9-butylphosphabicyclo[4.2.1]nonane (a5-PhobPBu, where Bu = n-butyl, sec-butyl, isobutyl, tert-butyl; a7-PhobPBu, where Bu = n-butyl, isobutyl, tert-butyl) have been identified in solution; isomerically pure a5-PhobPBu and a7-PhobPBu, where Bu = n-butyl, isobutyl, have been isolated. The σ-donor properties of the PhobPBu ligands have been compared using the JPSe values for the PhobP(═Se)Bu derivatives. The following complexes have been prepared: trans-[PtCl2(s-PhobPR)2] (R = nBu (1a), iBu (1b), sBu (1c), tBu (1d)); trans-[PtCl2(a5-PhobPR)2] (R = nBu (2a), iBu (2b)); trans-[PtCl2(a7-PhobPR)2] (R = nBu (3a), iBu (3b)); trans-[PdCl2(s-PhobPR)2] (R = nBu (4a), iBu (4b)); trans-[PdCl2(a5-PhobPR)2] (R = nBu (5a), iBu (5b)); trans-[PdCl2(a7-PhobPR)2] (R = nBu (6a), iBu (6b)). The crystal structures of 1a–4a and 1b–6b have been determined, and of the ten structures, eight show an anti conformation with respect to the position of the ligand R groups and two show a syn conformation. Solution variable-temperature 31P NMR studies reveal that all of the Pt and Pd complexes are fluxional on the NMR time scale. In each case, two species are present (assigned to be the syn and anti conformers) which interconvert with kinetic barriers in the range 9 to >19 kcal mol–1. The observed trend is that, the greater the bulk, the higher the barrier. The magnitudes of the barriers to M–P bond rotation for the PhobPR complexes are of the same order as those previously reported for tBu2PR complexes. Rotational profiles have been calculated for the model anionic complexes [PhobPR-PdCl3]− using DFT, and these faithfully reproduce the trends seen in the NMR studies of trans-[MCl2(PhobPR)2]. Rotational profiles have also been calculated for [tBu2PR-PdCl3]−, and these show that the greater the bulk of the R group, the lower the rotational barrier: i.e., the opposite of the trend for [PhobPR-PdCl3]−. Calculated structures for the species at the maxima and minima in the M–P rotation energy curves indicate the origin of the restricted rotation. In the case of the PhobPR complexes, it is the rigidity of the bicycle that enforces unfavorable H···Cl clashes involving the Pd–Cl groups with H atoms on the α- or β-carbon in the R substituent and H atoms in 1,3-axial sites within the phosphabicycle.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Biomedical Research Centre
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1021/om400980e
Page Range: 702-714
Depositing User: Jamie Young
Date Deposited: 29 May 2015 09:05
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2021 19:45
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/9929

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics