Changes in cigarette smoking among alcohol and drug misusers during inpatient detoxification

HARRIS, J., BEST, David, MAN, L. H., WELCH, S., GOSSOP, M. and STRANG, J. (2000). Changes in cigarette smoking among alcohol and drug misusers during inpatient detoxification. Addiction Biology, 5 (4), 443-450.

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Smoking prevalence and changes during inpatient detoxification were examined among 135 admissions to an inpatient alcohol and drug detoxification unit, of whom 83 (61.5%) were re-interviewed one week later. Ninety-two per cent of the initial sample were currently smokers; 87% of alcohol misusers, 97% of drug misusers and 100% of drug/alcohol misusers. Smokers consumed a daily mean of 27 cigarettes before admission. Those classified as heavy smokers (smoking 40 or more cigarettes prior to admission) decreased their smoking levels by an average of 10.5 cigarettes during detoxification. Light smokers (1-19 cigarettes per day) increased by a daily average of 8.6 cigarettes and intermediate smokers (20-39 cigarettes) by 4.9 cigarettes. The findings suggest a dose-dependent relationship between cigarette smoking and inpatient detoxification that requires further study. Over three-quarters of the sample expressed a desire to change their smoking behaviour, many of whom felt they would like help to tackle this change. Given the high smoking prevalence and reported interest in smoking cessation/reduction, there is an opportunity to address the smoking behaviour of drug and alcohol misusers entering inpatient care, whether during or after their detoxification.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Law Research Group
Identification Number:
Page Range: 443-450
Depositing User: Hilary Ridgway
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2015 11:36
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 09:30

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