Measurement of main strings movement and its effect on tennis ball spin

WASHIDA, Yudai, ELLIOTT, Nathan and ALLEN, Tom (2014). Measurement of main strings movement and its effect on tennis ball spin. Procedia Engineering, 72, 557-562.

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Ball spin plays an important role in the modern game of tennis. Previous work has shown that reducing the number of cross strings in a tennis racket can increase rebound ball spin. The aim of this study was to further our understanding of the effect of the number of cross strings on ball spin generation. Two rackets were tested, one with 16 main and 19 cross strings and the other with 16 main and 12 cross strings. The racket frame was fully-constrained and a ball was fired onto the strings at inbound angles of 24 and 38º. Inbound velocity was set at 30 m/s and inbound spin was varied from 0 to 500 rad/s. Ball velocity and spin, and lateral main string deflections during impact, were measured from high-speed video footage. Lateral string deflections were consistently larger for the racket with fewer cross strings. The racket with fewer cross strings produced slightly higher rebound spin and lower horizontal rebound velocity, which was attributed to the main strings returning during the restitution phase of the impact.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

Published in special issue : The Engineering of Sport 10. Edited by David James, Simon Choppin, Tom Allen, Jon Wheat and Paul Fleming.

Paper from The 2014 Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association, held at Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, 14-17 July 2014.

Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Identification Number:
Page Range: 557-562
Depositing User: Carole Harris
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2014 09:45
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 04:34

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