Gender, stage of transition and situational avoidance : a UK study of trans people’s experiences

ELLIS, Sonja J, MCNEIL, Jay and BAILEY, Louis (2014). Gender, stage of transition and situational avoidance : a UK study of trans people’s experiences. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 29 (3), 351-364.


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Most societies are heavily organised around a dichotomous model of gender, and individuals are heavily policed on their conformity (or otherwise) to gender norms. This scrutinisation of gender has a profound impact on the identities and lived experiences of trans people, especially for those whose gender identity (or presentation) does not appear to match social expectations for that gender; or where someone’s physical body in some way does not match the body conventionally associated with that gender. This might result in trans people avoiding certain situations to reduce the risk of being exposed. Based on a sample of 889 UK-based participants who self-defined as trans, the current paper explores situational avoidance with particular reference to gender identity and stage of transition. A key finding of this study concerned statistically significant associations between group (gender identity; stage of transition) and avoidance (or not) of certain situations, namely clothing shops, gyms, and public toilets. The implications of these findings for supporting trans people through transition – in particular, the Real Life Experience (RLE) are also discussed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Accepted: 5 Mar 2014
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Psychology Research Group
Identification Number:
Page Range: 351-364
Depositing User: Sonja Ellis
Date Deposited: 15 May 2014 13:36
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 14:16

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