Risk factors for the onset of non-specific neck pain: a systematic review.

MCLEAN, Sionnadh, MAY, Stephen, KLABER-MOFFETT, J, SHARP, D M and GARDINER, E (2010). Risk factors for the onset of non-specific neck pain: a systematic review. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 64 (7), 565-572.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2009.090720


Objective: Neck pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder, but little is known about which individuals develop neck pain. This systematic review investigated factors that constitute a risk for the onset of non-specific neck pain.

Design and setting: A range of electronic databases and reference sections of relevant articles were searched to identify appropriate articles. Studies investigating risk factors for the onset of non-specific neck pain in asymptomatic populations were included. All studies were prospective with at least 1 year follow-up.

Main results: 14 independent cohort studies met the inclusion criteria for the review. Thirteen studies were assessed as high quality. Female gender, older age, high job demands, low social/work support, being an ex-smoker, a history of low back disorders and a history of neck disorders were linked to the development of non-specific neck pain.

Conclusions: Various clinical and sociodemographic risk factors were identified that have implications for occupational health and health policy. However, there was a lack of good-quality research investigating the predictive nature of many other variables.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Health and Social Care Research
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2009.090720
Page Range: 565-572
Depositing User: Rebecca Jones
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2012 09:35
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 10:15
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/4486

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