A Qualitative evaluation in community settings in England exploring the experiences of coaches delivering the NHS Low Calorie Diet programme pilot to ethnically diverse participants

DHIR, Pooja, MAYNARD, Maria, DREW, Kevin J., HOMER, Catherine, BAKHAI, Chirag and ELLS, Louisa Jane (2024). A Qualitative evaluation in community settings in England exploring the experiences of coaches delivering the NHS Low Calorie Diet programme pilot to ethnically diverse participants. BMJ Open, 14 (5).

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Official URL: https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/14/5/e085200
Open Access URL: https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/bmjopen/14/5/e0852... (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2024-085200


Background: The management of type 2 diabetes (T2D) within diverse ethnic populations requires a culturally tailored approach. However, little is known about the experiences of coaches delivering interventions for T2D, such as the National Health Service (NHS) Low Calorie Diet (LCD) programme, to people from diverse ethnic backgrounds. Objective: To explore the experiences of coaches delivering an NHS programme using total diet replacement approaches to individuals from diverse ethnic backgrounds, to inform the effective tailoring and equitable delivery of future interventions. Design: Qualitative study. Setting: Individuals delivering the NHS LCD programme. Participants: One-to-one semistructured interviews were conducted with seven health coaches delivering the NHS LCD programme. Inclusion criteria included participants delivering the NHS LCD programme either from a minoritised ethnic background or delivering the programme to those from ethnic minority and white British backgrounds. Main outcome measures: Qualitative semistructured interviews conducted through different stages of the programme. Reflexive thematic analysis was used to analyse the transcripts. Results: Key themes highlighted the following experiences of delivering the LCD programme: (1) training and support needs; (2) needing to understand culture and ethnicity; (3) the impact of language; (4) the use of resources in providing dietary advice and (5) experiences of cultural tailoring. The themes highlight the need to prioritise person-centred care, to integrate culturally tailored approaches and for provision of education and training to those delivering health programmes. Conclusion: These findings describe the experiences of health coaches in tailoring delivery and emphasise the role of cultural competence in ensuring equitable and effective healthcare interventions for diverse populations. This learning can inform future programmes and policies aimed at promoting inclusive healthcare practices.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Embargo end date: 14-05-2024 ** From BMJ via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article starting on 14-05-2024: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ** Peer reviewed: TRUE **Journal IDs: eissn 2044-6055 **Article IDs: publisher-id: bmjopen-2024-085200 **History: published_online 15-05-2024; accepted 02-05-2024; published 01-05-2024; submitted 08-02-2024
Uncontrolled Keywords: general diabetes, obesity, public health, diabetes & endocrinology, health education, nutrition & dietetics
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2024-085200
SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
Depositing User: Colin Knott
Date Deposited: 22 May 2024 14:15
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2024 09:36
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/33727

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