Consensus on a social return on investment model of physical activity and sport: a Delphi study protocol

NIETO, I., MAYO, X., DAVIES, L., REECE, L., STRAFFORD, B. W. and JIMENEZ GUTIERREZ, Alfonso (2024). Consensus on a social return on investment model of physical activity and sport: a Delphi study protocol. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 6.

fspor-06-1334805.pdf - Published Version
Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (672kB) | Preview
Official URL:
Open Access URL: (Published version)
Link to published version::


Background: Physical activity and sport (PAS) have been related to many health outcomes and social benefits. The main aim of this research is to build a Social Return on Investment (SROI) model of PAS based on experts’ opinion to clarify the domains of impact and how to measure and value them. Methods and analysis: A Delphi method will be employed with a systematic review on the SROI framework applied to PAS and initial interviews with experts informing the design of the Delphi survey statements. Three iterative rounds of communication with the expert panel will be carried out. Participants will indicate their level of agreement with each statement on a five-point Likert scale. During the second and third iterative rounds, experts will reappraise the statements and will be provided with a summary of the group responses from the panel. A statement will have reached consensus if ≥70% of the panel agree/strongly agree or disagree/strongly disagree after round 3. Finally, group meetings (3–4 experts) will be conducted to ask about the measurement and valuation methods for each domain. Discussion: The final goal of this project will result in the design of a toolkit for organizations, professionals, and policymakers on how to measure the social benefits of PAS.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From Frontiers via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article: ** Peer reviewed: TRUE ** Acknowledgements: We thank all participants during the second workshop for their key role in reshaping and informing the initial steps of the study. **Journal IDs: eissn 2624-9367 **History: published_online 05-04-2024; accepted 21-03-2024; collection 01-01-2024; submitted 07-11-2023
Uncontrolled Keywords: social value, social return on investment, Delphi, international consensus, physical activity and sports
Identification Number:
SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
Depositing User: Colin Knott
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2024 11:22
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2024 11:30

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics