Associations Between Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Overweight With Academic Performance in 12-Year-Old Brazilian Children.

DE ALMEIDA SANTANA, Carla Caroliny, FARAH, Breno Quintella, AZEVEDO, Liane, HILL, James O, GUNNARSDOTTIR, Thrudur, BOTERO, João Paulo, DO PRADO, Edna Cristina and DO PRADO, Wagner Luiz (2017). Associations Between Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Overweight With Academic Performance in 12-Year-Old Brazilian Children. Pediatric exercise science, 29 (2), 220-227.

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Obesity has been associated with poor academic achievement, while cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) has been linked to academic success.


To investigate whether CRF is associated with academic performance in Brazilian students, independently of body mass index (BMI), fatness and socioeconomic status (SES).


392 5th and 6th grade students (193 girls) (12.11 ± 0.75 years old) were evaluated in 2012. Skinfold thickness measures were performed, and students were classified according to BMI-percentile. CRF was estimated by a 20-meter shuttle run test, and academic achievement by standardized math and Portuguese tests. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to explore the association between academic performance and CRF, adjusted for SES, skinfold thickness or BMI-percentile.


Among girls CRF was associated with higher academic achievement in math (β = 0.146;p = .003) and Portuguese (β = 0.129;p = .004) in crude and adjusted analyses. No significant association was found among boys. BMI was not associated with overall academic performance. There was a weak negative association between skinfold thickness and performance in mathematics in boys (β =- 0.030;p = .04), but not in girls.


The results highlight the importance of maintaining high fitness levels in girls throughout adolescence a period commonly associated with reductions in physical activity levels and CRF.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Exercise Test; Body Mass Index; Skinfold Thickness; Linear Models; Cross-Sectional Studies; Social Class; Adolescent; Child; Brazil; Female; Male; Pediatric Obesity; Cardiorespiratory Fitness; Academic Performance; academic achievement; aerobic fitness; obesity; physical education; students; Academic Performance; Adolescent; Body Mass Index; Brazil; Cardiorespiratory Fitness; Child; Cross-Sectional Studies; Exercise Test; Female; Humans; Linear Models; Male; Pediatric Obesity; Skinfold Thickness; Social Class; 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences; 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine; 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy; Sport Sciences; 3213 Paediatrics; 4207 Sports science and exercise
Identification Number:
Page Range: 220-227
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2024 14:37
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2024 14:45

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