Declarative knowledge in sport: a by-product of experience or a characteristic of expertise?

WILLIAMS, A M and DAVIDS, K (1995). Declarative knowledge in sport: a by-product of experience or a characteristic of expertise? Journal of sport and exercise psychology, 17 (3), 259-275.

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    Abstract

    This research examined whether skilled sports performers' enhanced declarative knowledge base is a by-product of experience or a characteristic of expertise. Experienced high-skill (n = 12) and low-skill (n = 12) soccer players and physically disabled spectators (n = 12) were tested on soccer recall, recognition, and anticipation ability. MANCOVA showed that high-skill players demonstrated superior anticipatory performance compared with low-skill players, who in turn were better than physically disabled spectators. ANOVA showed that high-skill players demonstrated superior recall performance on structured trials only. Also, low-skill players were significantly better than physically disabled spectators on the structured trials. MANCOVA showed that high-skill players were better at recognizing structured and unstructured trials. No differences were found between low-skill players and physically disabled spectators. It appears that high-skill players possess a larger and more elaborate declarative knowledge base. Thus, declarative knowledge is a constituent of skill rather than a by-product of experience.

    Item Type: Article
    Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
    Page Range: 259-275
    Depositing User: Carole Harris
    Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2011 10:27
    Last Modified: 19 Mar 2021 00:31
    URI: http://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/3319

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