Effect of D2R, NMDAR and CB1R genetic variants associated with cannabis use and childhood trauma in first-episode psychosis in a Brazilian population [abstract only]

LOUREIRO, C.M., CORSI-ZUELLI, F., FACHIM, H.A., SHUHAMA, R., MENEZES, P.R., DALTON, C.F., LOUZADA-JUNIOR, P., BELANGERO, S.I.N., COELI-LACCHINI, F.B., REYNOLDS, G.P., LACCHINI, R. and DEL-BEN, C.M. (2023). Effect of D2R, NMDAR and CB1R genetic variants associated with cannabis use and childhood trauma in first-episode psychosis in a Brazilian population [abstract only]. European Psychiatry, 66 (S1), S255-S255.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/j.eurpsy.2023.584
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1192/j.eurpsy.2023.584 (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1192/j.eurpsy.2023.584


Introduction Gene-environment interactions increase psychosis risk (Gayer-Anderson et al. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2020; 55(5):645-657). However, identifying the genetic variants involved and how they interact with environmental risk factors underlying psychosis remains challenging. Objectives To investigate whether there are gene-environment interactions in the relationships of childhood trauma, lifetime cannabis use, and single nucleotide variants (SNVs) of dopamine D2 receptor (D2R: DRD2), N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR: GRIN1, GRIN2A and GRIN2B) and cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1R: CNR1) with psychosis. Methods In a population-based case-control study nested in an incident study (STREAM, Brazil) (Del-Ben et al. Br J of Psychiatry 2019; 215(6):726-729), part of the EU-GEI consortium (Gayer-Anderson et al. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2020; 55(5):645-657), 143 first-episode psychosis patients and 286 community-based controls of both sexes aged between 16 and 64 years were included over a period of 3 years. Twenty-three SNVs of D2R (rs1799978, rs7131056, rs6275), NMDAR (GRIN1: rs4880213, rs11146020; GRIN2A: rs1420040, rs11866328; GRIN2B: rs890, rs2098469, rs7298664), and CB1R genes (CNR1: rs806380, rs806379, rs1049353, rs6454674, rs1535255, rs2023239, rs12720071, rs6928499, rs806374, rs7766029, rs806378, rs10485170, rs9450898), were genotyped from peripheral blood DNA using a custom Illumina HumanCoreExome-24 BeadChip. Environmental adversities were evaluated using the Cannabis Experience Questionnaire (Di Forti et al. The Lancet Psychiatry 2009; 6(5):427–436) and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (Grassi-Oliveira et al. Rev Saude Publica 2006; 40(2):249-55). Associations between SNVs and environmental risk factors were performed using the nonparametric multifactor dimensionality reduction software (version 3.0.2). Results Single locus analysis showed no association among the 23 SNVs with psychosis; however, gene-environment analysis was significant for the polymorphic loci rs12720071 and rs7766029 in CNR1. The best association models were the two-factor representing by the combination of CNR1 rs12720071 with lifetime cannabis use (p<0.001), and CNR1 rs12720071 with childhood trauma (p<0.05), both suggesting an increased risk of psychosis. Additionally, when considering the interaction of both environmental factors in the same model, we found CNR1 rs7766029 to be associated with psychosis (p<0.001). Conclusions Our study supports the hypothesis of gene-environment interactions for psychosis involving the T allele carriers of CNR1 SNVs (rs12720071 and rs7766029), childhood trauma and lifetime cannabis use in psychosis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 11 Medical and Health Sciences; 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences; Psychiatry; 3202 Clinical sciences; 5202 Biological psychology; 5203 Clinical and health psychology
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1192/j.eurpsy.2023.584
Page Range: S255-S255
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2024 12:05
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2024 12:15
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/33174

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