Analysing the Influence of Macroeconomic Factors on Credit Risk in the UK Banking Sector

SHARMA, Hemlata, ANDHALKAR, Aparna, AJAO, Oluwaseun and OGUNLEYE, Bayode (2024). Analysing the Influence of Macroeconomic Factors on Credit Risk in the UK Banking Sector. Analytics, 3 (1), 63-83.

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Macroeconomic factors have a critical impact on banking credit risk, which cannot be directly controlled by banks, and therefore, there is a need for an early credit risk warning system based on the macroeconomy. By comparing different predictive models (traditional statistical and machine learning algorithms), this study aims to examine the macroeconomic determinants’ impact on the UK banking credit risk and assess the most accurate credit risk estimate using predictive analytics. This study found that the variance-based multi-split decision tree algorithm is the most precise predictive model with interpretable, reliable, and robust results. Our model performance achieved 95% accuracy and evidenced that unemployment and inflation rate are significant credit risk predictors in the UK banking context. Our findings provided valuable insights such as a positive association between credit risk and inflation, the unemployment rate, and national savings, as well as a negative relationship between credit risk and national debt, total trade deficit, and national income. In addition, we empirically showed the relationship between national savings and non-performing loans, thus proving the “paradox of thrift”. These findings benefit the credit risk management team in monitoring the macroeconomic factors’ thresholds and implementing critical reforms to mitigate credit risk.

Item Type: Article
Identification Number:
Page Range: 63-83
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2024 11:46
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2024 11:46

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