First-Principles Study of Lithium Aluminosilicate Glass Scintillators

GHARDI, Mehdi, SCRIMSHIRE, Alex, SMITH, Robin, BINGHAM, Paul, MIDDLEBURGH, Simon, LEE, Bill and RUSHTON, Michael (2024). First-Principles Study of Lithium Aluminosilicate Glass Scintillators. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics.

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Radiation sensors are an important enabling technology in several fields, such as medicine, scientific research, energy, defence, meteorology, and homeland security. Glass-based scintillators have been in use for more than 50 years and offer many benefits, including their ability to respond to different types of radiation, and to be readily formed into various shapes. There is, however, the prospect to develop new and improved glass scintillators, with low self-absorption, low refractive indices, and high radiative recombination rates. To investigate the factors limiting the improvement of glass scintillator properties, this work provides insight from atomic scale simulations of the cerium-doped lithium aluminosilicate (SiO2–Al2O3–MgO–Li2O–Ce2O3) glass scintillator system. Three glass compositions were studied using molecular dynamics and density functional theory to investigate the effect of the ratio Image ID:d3cp05576k-t1.gif (with RAl/M = [0.1, 0.8 and 1.2]) on the structural and electronic properties. For a ratio RAl/M > 1, it has been shown that glasses with increased polymerization allow for more effective incorporation of Ce3+ cations. The structural analysis also showed that the bond order of Al–O can be affected in the presence of a lithium-rich environment. Electronic density of states and Bader charge analysis indicate a decline in the population of localized trapping states with increasing RAl/M. This suggests a higher probability of radiative recombination which can increase the photon yield of these scintillators. These findings provide valuable guidance for optimizing Li-glasses in neutron detection systems by highlighting the intricate challenges.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 02 Physical Sciences; 03 Chemical Sciences; 09 Engineering; Chemical Physics; 34 Chemical sciences; 40 Engineering; 51 Physical sciences
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SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2024 15:04
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2024 16:30

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