Building resilience and well-being for post-covid adolescents through outdoor adventure

ALLAN, John, DORAN, Adele, JONES, Ruan and FARRELL, Sarah (2024). Building resilience and well-being for post-covid adolescents through outdoor adventure. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning.

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Abstract

Societal change may be happening faster than can be managed by young people, impacting their mental health. 21st Century Skills encompass life and career capabilities necessary for individuals to live and work in complex environments. Resilience encapsulates positive adaptations that arise from building psychosocial strengths through optimised exposure to outdoor adventure education (OAE). This study examined the efficacy of one-week OAE residentials upon young people’s resilience, psychological well-being, and vocational skill development. In addition, it identified components of OAE that best cultivated their adaptive capabilities. Significant gains were reported in the resilience and well-being of over 600 adolescents across three timepoints. From below average baseline scores, participants increased their resilience and well-being, by 36% and 23% respectively. These increases were largely retained one month later. Due to the lack of a comparison group, it was difficult to attribute improvements to the OAE programme. Nonetheless, camp-based experiences including mastering new skills, solving problems, and being inspired by nature predicted heightened resilience and well-being. These results supported the positive development of 21st Century Skills which promote individual and collective functioning and are protective of stress. Embodied challenges in real-world contexts enable vulnerable young people to re-adjust, grow, and persevere.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: resilience; mental health; outdoor adventure; quantitative analysis; active components of positive change; 21st Century Skills; 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy; 1303 Specialist Studies in Education; 3901 Curriculum and pedagogy; 3903 Education systems
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2024 11:33
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2024 11:45
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/33040

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