The effect of a ‘Sip til Send’ policy on patient satisfaction: a quality improvement project

WILES, M. D. and MACDONALD, A. (2024). The effect of a ‘Sip til Send’ policy on patient satisfaction: a quality improvement project. Anaesthesia Reports, 12 (1): e12271.

anr3.12271.pdf - Published Version
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (139kB) | Preview
Official URL: https://associationofanaesthetists-publications.on...
Open Access URL: https://associationofanaesthetists-publications.on... (Published version)
Link to published version::


Summary: Patients often are nil by mouth for prolonged periods pre‐operatively, which is associated with adverse effects including discomfort, anxiety, thirst and nausea. As a result, several hospitals have introduced a more liberal regimen of pre‐operative drinking, with patients encouraged to sip small volumes of water until transfer to the operating theatre (‘Sip til Send’). The impact of ‘Sip til Send’ on patient satisfaction is still to be determined. We hypothesised that the introduction of a ‘Sip til Send’ policy would increase patient's satisfaction with their pre‐operative fluid management regimen. We conducted a staged implementation of a ‘Sip til Send’ quality improvement initiative in two campuses of a large tertiary teaching hospital. This involved a targeted education and implementation programme that was refined and delivered through ‘plan, do, study and act’ cycles. Patient satisfaction with their pre‐operative fluid management was measured by rating the statement “I am happy with the management of pre‐operative drinking”, against a five‐point Likert scale (0, strongly disagree; 1, disagree; 2, neutral; 3, agree; and 4, strongly agree). Patient satisfaction with pre‐operative fluid management was high at baseline, with pooled data for both campuses showing a median (IQR [range]) satisfaction score of 4 (3–4 [1–4]). After the implementation of ‘Sip til Send’, this improved to a median (IQR [range]) satisfaction score of 4 (4–4 [2–4]) (p < 0.001). The introduction of a ‘Sip til Send’ policy resulted in an increase in patient satisfaction. Key factors in successful implementation included the provision of a clear explanation of the underlying rationale to patients, nursing and anaesthetic staff, and establishing the policy as the default position for all elective patients.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Article version: VoR ** From Wiley via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for VoR version of this article: **Journal IDs: issn 2637-3726 **Article IDs: publisher-id: anr312271; society-id: anr3.2023.00255 **History: published_online 06-01-2024; published 2024; accepted 22-12-2023
Uncontrolled Keywords: fluids, anaesthesia, fasting, peri‐operative medicine, gastric emptying
Identification Number:
SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
Depositing User: Colin Knott
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2024 12:30
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2024 12:30

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics