Burden of mental disorders by gender in Pakistan: analysis of Global Burden of Disease Study data for 1990–2019

ALVI, Mohsin Hassan, ASHRAF, Tehmina, NAZ, Farah, SARDAR, Asif, ULLAH, Akbar, PATEL, Anita, KIRAN, Tayyeba, GUMBER, Anil and HUSAIN, Nusrat (2023). Burden of mental disorders by gender in Pakistan: analysis of Global Burden of Disease Study data for 1990–2019. BJPsych Bulletin.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1192/bjb.2023.76


Aims and method We aimed to examine the burden of mental disorders in Pakistan over the past three decades. We used the crude data of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) obtained from the Global Burden of Disease Study database (1990–2019) to represent burden. Data were retrieved on 26 January 2021. Data for adults of reproductive age (aged 15–49 years) were analysed to discuss and interpret the disease burden. An analysis was conducted on total DALYs separately for the genders for ten mental disorders reported in Pakistan. Results DALYs increased drastically with the onset of reproductive age. Depressive disorder was the most reported mental disorder, contributing 3.13% (95% CI 2.25–4.24) of total DALYs, and varied significantly between genders: females 3.89% (95% CI 2.73–5.29) versus males 2.37% (95% CI 1.62–3.25). Clinical implications A nationwide high-quality epidemiological surveillance system should be implemented to monitor mental disorders and offer culturally appropriate preventive services.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 3202 Clinical sciences; 4203 Health services and systems
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1192/bjb.2023.76
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2023 15:11
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 11:15
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/32506

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