Talent management in hospitality during the COVID-19 pandemic in Macao: a contingency approach

SIGALA, Marianna, REN, Lianping, LI, Zhuo and DIOKO, Leonardo Don AN (2023). Talent management in hospitality during the COVID-19 pandemic in Macao: a contingency approach. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management.

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Official URL: https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.110...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1108/ijchm-06-2022-0793
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Purpose This study aims to examine talent management (TM) in the hospitality industry in Macao during COVID-19. It deploys a contingency theory perspective (Luthans and Stewart, 1977) to illuminate the heightened uncertainties and challenges talent managers faced during the pandemic and the urgent adaptations to TM practices they embraced in response. Design/methodology/approach Adopting a phenomenological approach, this study analyzed data collected through semi-structured interviews conducted with a representative sample of 20 hotel managers in Macao. Findings Managers reported four major categories of COVID-19-induced challenges and a corresponding set of contingent TM practices. The four contingent TM practices were found to contribute to the shaping of the next new normal in TM in hospitality and included the following: Contingent TM planning; contingent TM deployment and replacement; talent training and development under contingent arrangements; and changed “talent” attitude and practices in recruitment and retention. Research limitations/implications The findings are limited to the geographical and industry context of the study. This study should be refined with larger samples. Practical implications This study provides a useful framework for guiding professionals on how to manage talent during turmoil periods. It also contributes toward understanding the shifting meaning of talent and TM in hospitality. Originality/value This study demonstrates the applicability of contingency theory in managing hospitality talent during turbulent times, which extends TM knowledge and enriches the contingency theory. The findings also facilitate our understanding on how contingent TM practices create processes that lead in setting the new normal.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Talent management; Hospitality; Contingency approach; COVID-19; New normal; Macao; 1504 Commercial Services; 1505 Marketing; 1506 Tourism; Sport, Leisure & Tourism; 3504 Commercial services; 3506 Marketing; 3508 Tourism
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1108/ijchm-06-2022-0793
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 02 May 2023 09:34
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 15:31
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/31824

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