Turbulence Effect on Transpiration Cooling Effectiveness Over a Flat Plate in Hypersonic Flow and Sensitivity to Injection Parameters

CERMINARA, Adriano (2023). Turbulence Effect on Transpiration Cooling Effectiveness Over a Flat Plate in Hypersonic Flow and Sensitivity to Injection Parameters. Flow, Turbulence and Combustion.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10494-0...
Open Access URL: https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s104... (Published)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10494-023-00403-8
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    This work presents a numerical study of coolant porous injection in hypersonic turbulent boundary layer, with an analysis of blowing ratio and pore diameter effects on the cooling performance. Direct numerical simulations (DNS) are carried out for a Mach 5 flow over a flat plate with induced transition, and with a porous injection model to mimic injection from a bed of equally-spaced circular pores. The cooling performance in turbulent flow is compared to laminar 2D flow cases. Results show downstream development of a turbulent wedge-shaped structure, where a dramatic decay of the near-wall coolant concentration is observed. Blowing ratio and pore size are seen to affect the calmed and transitional regions, however they have a marginal or negligible effect within the turbulent region. A cooling effectiveness deficit/reduction of 15% to 30% for the turbulent cases, with respect to the laminar 2D cases, is observed above the injection region due to the 3D flow effects associated with the porous injection, whereas it reaches values as high as 80% in the developed turbulent region due to the turbulent convective effects. The present results shed light on the effects of turbulence on porous wall cooling and clearly indicate that alternative (ad-hoc) injection strategies and parameter calibration are needed to guarantee appropriate wall cooling in a turbulent flow.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: 09 Engineering; Fluids & Plasmas; Mechanical Engineering & Transports; 40 Engineering
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10494-023-00403-8
    SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
    Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
    Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2023 17:43
    Last Modified: 08 Mar 2023 17:43
    URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/31639

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