Physical Inactivity Levels of European Adolescents in 2002, 2005, 2013, and 2017

LÓPEZ-FERNÁNDEZ, Jorge, LÓPEZ-VALENCIANO, Alejandro, PEARCE, Gemma, COPELAND, Robert, LIGUORI, Gary, JIMENEZ GUTIERREZ, Alfonso and MAYO, Xian (2023). Physical Inactivity Levels of European Adolescents in 2002, 2005, 2013, and 2017. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20 (4): 3758.

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Sport and Physical Activity (PA) Special Eurobarometer surveys may inform of the physical inactivity (PIA) levels in the European Union (EU). This study aimed to analyse the PIA levels of EU adolescents (15–17 years) in four time points, according to gender. The data were from 2002, 2005, 20013, and 2017 Special Eurobarometers. Adolescents were categorised as “Inactive” when performing less than 60 min/day of moderate to vigorous PA on average. A χ2 test was used to compare the levels of PIA between survey years. PIA levels between gender were analysed using a Z-score test for two population proportions. PIA levels ranged from 67.2% for boys (59.4% to 71.5%;) to 76.8% for girls (76.0% to 83.4) across the time points. Adjusted standardised residuals revealed a decrease in the observed levels versus the expected for 2005 (whole sample: −4.2; boys: −3.3) and an increase for 2013 (whole sample: +2.9; boys: +2.5). Boys presented lower PIA levels than girls in all years (p ≤ 0.003), but descriptively, the difference progressively decreased (from 18.4% to 11.8%). No significant reductions in PIA levels were observed between 2002 and 2017, and girls reported consistently higher levels of PIA than boys.

Item Type: Article
Editor - Bravo-Sánchez, Alfredo
Editor - Abián, Pablo
Additional Information: ** Article version: VoR ** From MDPI via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for VoR version of this article: ** Peer reviewed: TRUE **Journal IDs: eissn 1660-4601 **Article IDs: publisher-id: ijerph-20-03758 **History: published_online 20-02-2023; accepted 17-02-2023; rev-recd 16-02-2023; collection 02-2023; submitted 19-01-2023
Uncontrolled Keywords: Article, active behaviour, MVPA, national policies, physical activity, youth
Identification Number:
SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
Depositing User: Colin Knott
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2023 11:04
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 16:46

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