Conditions, Actions and Purposes (CAP):A dynamic model for community policing in Europe

O’NEILL, Megan, VAN DER GIESSEN, Mark, BAYERL, Petra, HAIL, Yvonne, ASTON, Elizabeth and HOUTSONEN, Jarmo (2023). Conditions, Actions and Purposes (CAP):A dynamic model for community policing in Europe. Policing: a Journal of Policy and Practice, 17.

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Despite its popularity as a policing method and evidence of its positive affect on communities, community policing has defied attempts to establish a clear definition and replicable form. Often regarded as an Anglo-American policing method in origin, community policing is now found across the world and is growing in influence. The need for differentiated local implementation raises important questions regarding the core features of community policing to guide the work of practitioners. Integrating insights from the existing literature and a trans-European project involving 323 interviews with community members and police officers across eight countries, we propose a dynamic model for community policing. In this original model, we differentiate between the conditions, actions and purposes of community policing (CAP) and describe how these core components are required for effective community policing, interrelated, and flexible enough for local implementation. Accordingly, we show how the CAP model is adaptable while at the same time retaining a sense of what makes ‘community policing’ a unique and identifiable policing method. We conclude our study with a discussion of the implications for research and practice internationally.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1602 Criminology; 4402 Criminology
Identification Number:
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2023 16:09
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 16:01

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