Kinship, gender and social links impact on micro group lending defaults

EL FAKIR, Adil, FAIRCHILD, Richard, LAMRANI ALAOUI, Youssef, CHAN, Dora, TKIOUAT, Mohamed and AMER, Zaid (2023). Kinship, gender and social links impact on micro group lending defaults. International Journal of Finance and Economics.

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Joint liability aspires to improve micro‐loan performance through the support of, and pressure from, the group borrowers. This paper examines how the group composition, in terms of the mixture of kinship (Family) ties and social (Friends and Neighbours) ties among the borrowers, affects the default rates. Using binary logistics regression and three machine learning models, responses from 507 group micro‐loan borrowers from four major Moroccan cities were analysed. The results show that the stronger the family and kinship ties are within a loan group, the higher is the default rate. On the contrary, the stronger the social ties are among the group, the lower is the default rate. Other key findings include that the diversion of fund usage from investment to consumption is not found to significantly cause default. Also, loan default can be a consequence of borrowers' strategic choice rather than financial distress. As compared to the female members, male borrowers are found to be causing higher default rates. Interestingly, the gender‐related default rates are lower when more of the male borrowers are only socially related. Finally, group size is found to be positively associated with default. Our findings can help micro‐finance institutions refine their lending policies and guidance on groups' composition and size to reduce default rates.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1502 Banking, Finance and Investment; Economics; 3501 Accounting, auditing and accountability; 3502 Banking, finance and investment
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SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2023 14:20
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 17:16

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