Air Temperature vs Energy Efficiency of Workspaces: A field investigation in garment factories during cool-dry season

HOSSAIN, Mohataz, LAU, Benson, WILSON, Robin and FORD, Brian (2019). Air Temperature vs Energy Efficiency of Workspaces: A field investigation in garment factories during cool-dry season. In: RIFFAT, S and YUEHONG, Su, (eds.) Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies (SET 2016).19th - 22nd July 2016, Singapore. Nottingham, University of Nottingham, 231-241.

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The ready-made garments (RMG) with renowned brands are mostly produced by the clothing factories in the developing countries where workers labour around 10-12 hours a day to produce quality products in their workspaces. Their health, safety and wellbeing should be an important ethical concern of the customer. Their production efficiency has major impact on the commercial benefits of factory owners and international buyers. Previous studies indicated that the thermal environment of their workspace (cutting, sewing and finishing sections) has direct impact on their physical comfort and hence, their production efficiency. In context of Bangladesh, most of the multi-storied garment factories have deficiency in ventilating indoor overheated air and meeting workers’ thermal comfort. Owners of the factories use ceiling and large extract fans to resolve the issue with consuming significant amount of energy from national grid. However, no extensive field investigation has been previously conducted to improve the existing workspace environment of the RMG factories considering passive ventilation as way of ensuring workers’ thermal comfort and efficiency of energy. This paper has presented the preliminary observations of the first field investigation of an on-going doctorate research. Three different case study buildings in the tropical climatic context of Bangladesh had been chosen for on-site monitoring during cool-dry season (one of the three climatic seasons). The field study has involved continuous data-logging, on-site spot measurement, calculation of energy consumption and workers feedback survey to understand the existing performance of the workspace. The thermal performance of the workspace has been determined in terms of Dry-bulb Temperature (DBT), Relative Humidity (RH), air temperature distribution within production floors in the weekdays and weekend. This paper has only focused on partial findings from the field data and tried to reveal some potential strategies to improve the present thermal condition and to make the workspace more energy efficient.

Item Type: Book Section
Page Range: 231-241
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 04 May 2023 12:01
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 13:46

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