Suppression of Fe-cation migration by indium substitution in LiFe2-xInxSbO6 cathode materials

MARTÍNEZ DE IRUJO LABALDE, Xabier, GRIEVSON, Heather, MORTIMER, Josie-May, BOOTH, Samuel, SCRIMSHIRE, Alex, BINGHAM, Paul, SUARD, Emmanuelle, CUSSEN, Serena and HAYWARD, Michael (2022). Suppression of Fe-cation migration by indium substitution in LiFe2-xInxSbO6 cathode materials. Chemistry of Materials, 35 (1), 337-346.

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Cation migration on electrochemical cycling can significantly influence the performance of li-ion cathode materials. Phases of composition LiFe2–xInxSbO6 (0 < x <1) adopt crystal structures described in space group Pnnm, consisting of a hexagonally close-packed array of oxide ions, with Fe/In and Sb cations ordered on octahedral sites, and lithium cations located within partially occupied tetrahedral sites. NPD, SXRD, and 57Fe Mössbauer data indicate that on reductive lithium insertion (either chemically or electrochemically), LiFe2SbO6 is converted to Li2Fe2SbO6 accompanied by large-scale cation migration, to form a partially Fe/Li cation-ordered and Fe2+/Fe3+ charge-ordered phase from which lithium cations cannot be easily removed, either chemically or electrochemically. Partial substitution of Fe with In suppresses the degree of cation migration that occurs on lithium insertion such that no structural change is observed when LiFeInSbO6 is converted into Li1.5FeInSbO6, allowing the system to be repeatedly electrochemically cycled between these two compositions. Phases with intermediate levels of In substitution exhibit low levels of Fe migration on Li insertion and electrochemical capacities which evolve on cycling. The mechanism by which the In3+ cations suppress the migration of Fe cations is discussed along with the cycling behavior of the LiFe1.5In0.5SbO6–Li1.75Fe1.5In0.5SbO6.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 03 Chemical Sciences; 09 Engineering; Materials
Identification Number:
Page Range: 337-346
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2022 15:37
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2023 08:01

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