Quantitative ultrasound imaging of therapy response in bladder cancer in vivo.

TRAN, William T, SANNACHI, Lakshmanan, PAPANICOLAU, Naum, TADAYYON, Hadi, AL MAHROUKI, Azza, EL KAFFAS, Ahmed, GORJIZADEH, Alborz, LEE, Justin and CZARNOTA, Gregory J (2016). Quantitative ultrasound imaging of therapy response in bladder cancer in vivo. Oncoscience, 3 (3-4), 122-133.

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Background and aims

Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) was investigated to monitor bladder cancer treatment response in vivo and to evaluate tumor cell death from combined treatments using ultrasound-stimulated microbubbles and radiation therapy.


Tumor-bearing mice (n=45), with bladder cancer xenografts (HT- 1376) were exposed to 9 treatment conditions consisting of variable concentrations of ultrasound-stimulated Definity microbubbles [nil, low (1%), high (3%)], combined with single fractionated doses of radiation (0 Gy, 2 Gy, 8 Gy). High frequency (25 MHz) ultrasound was used to collect the raw radiofrequency (RF) data of the backscatter signal from tumors prior to, and 24 hours after treatment in order to obtain QUS parameters. The calculated QUS spectral parameters included the mid-band fit (MBF), and 0-MHz intercept (SI) using a linear regression analysis of the normalized power spectrum.

Results and conclusions

There were maximal increases in QUS parameters following treatments with high concentration microbubbles combined with 8 Gy radiation: (ΔMBF = +6.41 ± 1.40 (±SD) dBr and SI= + 7.01 ± 1.20 (±SD) dBr. Histological data revealed increased cell death, and a reduction in nuclear size with treatments, which was mirrored by changes in quantitative ultrasound parameters. QUS demonstrated markers to detect treatment effects in bladder tumors in vivo.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: quantitative ultrasound; radiation therapy; ultrasound; vascular disrupting agents
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.18632/oncoscience.302
Page Range: 122-133
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2023 09:50
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 15:45
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/30951

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