Quantifying the hip-ankle synergy in short-term maximal cycling

BURNIE, L., BARRATT, P., DAVIDS, Keith, WORSFOLD, P. and WHEAT, Jonathan (2022). Quantifying the hip-ankle synergy in short-term maximal cycling. Journal of Biomechanics, 142, p. 111268.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2022.111268


Simulation studies have demonstrated that the hip and ankle joints form a task-specific synergy during the downstroke in maximal cycling to enable the power produced by the hip extensor muscles to be transferred to the crank. The existence of the hip-ankle synergy has not been investigated experimentally. Therefore, we sought to apply a modified vector coding technique to quantify the strength of the hip-ankle moment synergy in the downstroke during short-term maximal cycling at a pedalling rate of 135 rpm. Twelve track sprint cyclists performed 3 × 4 s seated sprints at 135 rpm, interspersed with 2 × 4 s seated sprints at 60 rpm on an isokinetic ergometer. Data from the 60 rpm sprints were not analysed in this study. Joint moments were calculated via inverse dynamics, using pedal forces and limb kinematics. The hip-ankle moment synergy was quantified using a modified vector coding method. Results showed, for 28.8% of the downstroke the hip and ankle moments were in-phase, demonstrating the hip and ankle joints tend to work in synergy in the downstroke, providing some support findings from simulation studies of cycling. At a pedalling rate of 135 rpm the hip-phase was most frequent (42.5%) significantly differing from the in- (P = 0.044), anti- (P < 0.001), and ankle-phases (P = 0.004), demonstrating hip-dominant action. We believe this method shows promise to answer research questions on the relative strength of the hip-ankle synergy between different cycling conditions (e.g., power output and pedalling rates).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Joint moments; Movement coordination; Sprint cycling; Vector coding; Ankle; Ankle Joint; Bicycling; Biomechanical Phenomena; Ergometry; Hip Joint; Knee Joint; Ankle; Ankle Joint; Hip Joint; Knee Joint; Ergometry; Bicycling; Biomechanical Phenomena; 0903 Biomedical Engineering; 0913 Mechanical Engineering; 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences; Biomedical Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2022.111268
Page Range: p. 111268
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2022 10:17
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 12:15
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/30710

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