Forensic discrimination of differentially sourced animal blood using a bottom-Up proteomics based MALDI MS approach

KENNEDY, Katie, COLE, Laura, WITT, Matthias, SEALEY, Mark and FRANCESE, Simona (2022). Forensic discrimination of differentially sourced animal blood using a bottom-Up proteomics based MALDI MS approach. Molecules, 27 (7).

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Recently published work has reported the development and application of a bottom-up proteomic approach to distinguish between human and animal blood (down to animal species level), by rapid screening using Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionisation Mass Spectrometry (MALDI MS). In that study, it was additionally observed that intravenous animal blood exhibits different spectral profiles from blood collected within the animal chest cavity as well as from the diluted blood collected within packets of meat. In this follow-up study we explored the resulting hypothesis that, depending on how blood is shed or collected, protein biomarker profiles vary to the extent of systematically permitting a distinction between possible sources of blood (for example, flesh wound versus packaged meat). This intelligence may be important in reconstructing the dynamics of the crime. The combination of statistical analysis and tandem mass spectrometry has yielded additional animal blood markers as well as confirming the ability to correctly determine the animal species from which blood derived, regardless of the retailer selling it (amongst the five investigated). These data confirm the initial hypothesis and demonstrate the opportunity for the proteomics-MALDI combined approach to provide additional intelligence to the investigation of violent crimes when examining blood evidence.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From MDPI via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article: **Journal IDs: eissn 1420-3049 **History: published 22-03-2022; accepted 16-03-2022
Uncontrolled Keywords: blood, MALDI, forensic
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SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
Depositing User: Colin Knott
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2022 10:01
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2022 10:01

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