Thermostructural and Elastic Properties of PbTe and Pb 0.884 Cd 0.116 Te: A Combined Low-Temperature and High-Pressure X-ray Diffraction Study of Cd-Substitution Effects

MINIKAYEV, Roman, SAFARI, Fatemeh, KATRUSIAK, Andrzej, SZUSZKIEWICZ, Wojciech, SZCZERBAKOW, Andrzej, BELL, Anthony, DYNOWSKA, Elżbieta and PASZKOWICZ, Wojciech (2021). Thermostructural and Elastic Properties of PbTe and Pb 0.884 Cd 0.116 Te: A Combined Low-Temperature and High-Pressure X-ray Diffraction Study of Cd-Substitution Effects. Crystals, 11 (9).

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Rocksalt-type (Pb,Cd)Te belongs to IV–VI semiconductors exhibiting thermoelectric properties. With the aim of understanding of the influence of Cd substitution in PbTe on thermostructural and elastic properties, we studied PbTe and Pb0.884Cd0.116Te (i) at low temperatures (15 to 300 K) and (ii) at high pressures within the stability range of NaCl-type PbTe (up to 4.5 GPa). For crystal structure studies, powder and single crystal X-ray diffraction methods were used. Modeling of the data included the second-order Grüneisen approximation of the unit-cell-volume variation, V(T), the Debye expression describing the mean square atomic displacements (MSDs), u2>(T), and Birch–Murnaghan equation of state (BMEOS). The fitting of the temperature-dependent diffraction data provided model variations of lattice parameter, the thermal expansion coefficient, and MSDs with temperature. A comparison of the MSD runs simulated for the PbTe and mixed (Pb,Cd)Te crystal leads to the confirmation of recent findings that the cation displacements are little affected by Cd substitution at the Pb site; whereas the Te displacements are markedly higher for the mixed crystal. Moreover, information about static disorder caused by Cd substitution is obtained. The calculations provided two independent ways to determine the values of the overall Debye temperature, θD. The resulting values differ only marginally, by no more than 1 K for PbTe and 7 K for Pb0.884Cd0.116Te crystals. The θD values for the cationic and anionic sublattices were determined. The Grüneisen parameter is found to be nearly independent of temperature. The variations of unit-cell size with rising pressure (the NaCl structure of Pb0.884Cd0.116Te sample was conserved), modeled with the BMEOS, provided the dependencies of the bulk modulus, K, on pressure for both crystals. The K0 value is 45.6(2.5) GPa for PbTe, whereas that for Pb0.884Cd0.116Te is significantly reduced, 33.5(2.8) GPa, showing that the lattice with fractional Cd substitution is less stiff than that of pure PbTe. The obtained experimental values of θD and K0 for Pb0.884Cd0.116Te are in line with the trends described in recently reported theoretical study for (Pb,Cd)Te mixed crystals.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From MDPI via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for this article: **Journal IDs: eissn 2073-4352 **History: published 03-09-2021; accepted 22-08-2021
Uncontrolled Keywords: PbTe, substitutional disorder, thermal expansion, equation of state, bulk modulus, atomic displacement, low temperature, high pressure, compression, Debye temperature
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SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
Depositing User: Colin Knott
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2021 15:07
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2021 15:15

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