Agreement between methods and terminology used to assess the kinematics of the Nordic hamstring exercise

SCONCE, Emma, HELLER, Ben, MADEN-WILKINSON, Tom and HAMILTON, Nick (2021). Agreement between methods and terminology used to assess the kinematics of the Nordic hamstring exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences.

Heller-AgreementBetweenMethods(VoR).pdf - Published Version
Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives.

Download (938kB) | Preview
Official URL:
Open Access URL: (Published version)
Link to published version::


The Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) is employed as a component of preventative training programmes to minimise hamstring strain injury risk. Variation in the methods and terminology used to assess the NHE makes comparison between studies difficult. We aimed to compare the utility of kinetic and kinematic metrics by comparing several collected concurrently. 18 male recreational rugby union participants completed 3 bilateral NHE repetitions on a hamstring device equipped with in-line strain gauge load cells, integrated with a 3-dimensional motion tracking system. Mean break-point angle occurred after the angle at first acceleration (121.5 ± 10.4° vs. 119.2 ± 7.1°) whereas break-torque angle (BTA) occurred later in the NHE action (126.0 ± 9.8°) showing highest correlation to the angle at greatest acceleration (123.9 ± 7.9°, r = 0.85). Future research should consider movement quality as the angular velocity of the knee joint at BTA demonstrated large variation (range = 3.6–93.4 deg·s1), with high intrasubject variability of relative trunk-to-thigh angle at peak-torque (range = 0.4–44.7°). This study proposes standardisation of methods and terminology used to define the NHE. Measuring BTA is recommended to represent the point at which hamstring muscle failure occurs, specific to the proposed injury mechanism during high-speed running.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences; 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy; Sport Sciences
Identification Number:
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2021 11:25
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2021 11:30

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics