A randomised wait-list controlled trial to evaluate Emotional Freedom Techniques for self-reported cancer-related cognitive impairment in cancer survivors (EMOTICON)

TACK, Laura, LEFEBVRE, Tessa, LYCKE, Michelle, LANGENAEKEN, Christine, FONTAINE, Christel, BORMS, Marleen, HANSSENS, Marianne, KNOPS, Christel, MERYCK, Kathleen, BOTERBERG, Tom, POTTEL, Hans, SCHOFIELD, Patricia and DEBRUYNE, Philip R. (2021). A randomised wait-list controlled trial to evaluate Emotional Freedom Techniques for self-reported cancer-related cognitive impairment in cancer survivors (EMOTICON). EClinicalMedicine, 39.

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Open Access URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/... (Published version)
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.101081


Background Cancer-related cognitive impairment (CRCI) is a prevalent source of comprised quality of life in cancer survivors. This study evaluated the efficacy of Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) on self-reported CRCI (sr-CRCI). Methods In this prospective multicentre randomised wait-list controlled study (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02771028), eligible cancer survivors had completed curative treatment, were 18 years or older and screened positive for sr-CRCI with ≥ 43 on the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ). Participants were randomised to the immediate treatment group (ITG) or wait-list control (WLC) group, based on age (< or ≥ 65 years), gender, treatment (chemotherapy or not), and centre. The ITG started to apply EFT after inclusion and performed this for 16 weeks. The WLC group could only start the application of EFT after 8 weeks of waiting. Evaluations took place at baseline (T0), 8 weeks (T1) and 16 weeks (T2). The primary outcome was the proportion of patients with sr-CRCI according to the CFQ score. Findings Between October 2016 and March 2020, 121 patients were recruited with CFQ ≥ 43 indicating sr-CRCI. At T1, the number of patients scoring positive on the CFQ was significantly reduced in the ITG compared to the WLC group (40.8% vs. 87.3% respectively; p<0.01). For the WLC group, a reduction in CFQ scores was observed at T2, comparable to the effect of the ITG at T1. Linear mixed model analyses indicated a statistically significant reduction in the CFQ score, distress, depressive symptoms, fatigue and also an improvement in quality of life. Interpretation This study provides evidence for the application of EFT for sr-CRCI in cancer survivors and suggests that EFT may be useful for other symptoms in cancer survivors.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Article version: VoR ** From Elsevier via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for VoR version of this article starting on 30-07-2021: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ **Journal IDs: issn 25895370 **History: issued 30-09-2021; published_online 19-08-2021; accepted 22-07-2021
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2021.101081
SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
Depositing User: Colin Knott
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2021 12:44
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2021 12:45
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/28965

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