Reducing negative emotions in children using social robots: systematic review

LITTLER, Brenda Kimbembi Maleco, ALESSA, Tourkiah, DIMITRI, Paul, SMITH, Christine and DE WITTE, Luc (2021). Reducing negative emotions in children using social robots: systematic review. Archives of Disease in Childhood, archdischild-2020.

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Background: For many children, visiting the hospital can lead to a state of increased anxiety. Social robots are being explored as a possible tool to reduce anxiety and distress in children attending a clinical or hospital environment. Social robots are designed to communicate and interact through movement, music and speech. Objective: This systematic review aims at assessing the current evidence on the types of social robots used and their impact on children’s anxiety or distress levels when visiting the hospital for outpatient appointments or planned admissions. Methods: Databases such as MEDLINE, PubMed, IEEE Xplore, Web of Science, PsychINFO and Google Scholar were queried for papers published between January 2009 and August 2020 reporting the use of social robots interacting with children in hospital or clinical environments. Results: A total of 10 studies were located and included. Across these 10 studies, 7 different types of robots were used. Anxiety and distress were found to be reduced in the children who interacted with a social robot. Conclusions: Overall, the evidence suggests that social robots hold a promising role in reducing levels of anxiety or distress in children visiting the hospital. However, research on social robots is at an early stage and requires further studies to strengthen the evidence base.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From BMJ via Jisc Publications Router **Journal IDs: pissn 0003-9888; eissn 1468-2044 **Article IDs: publisher-id: archdischild-2020-320721 **History: published_online 07-03-2021; published 03-2021; accepted 15-02-2021; rev-recd 13-02-2021; submitted 17-09-2020
Uncontrolled Keywords: Original research, technology, qualitative research
Identification Number:
Page Range: archdischild-2020
SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
Depositing User: Colin Knott
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2021 15:25
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2021 14:45

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