Integrating physical activity into the treatment of depression in adults: a qualitative enquiry

MACHACZEK, Katarzyna, ALLMARK, Peter, POLLARD, Nicholas, GOYDER, Elizabeth, SHEA, Mark, HORSPOOL, Michelle, LEE, Suzanne, DE-LA HAYE, Stephanie, COPELAND, Robert and WEICH, Scott (2021). Integrating physical activity into the treatment of depression in adults: a qualitative enquiry. Health and Social Care in the Community.

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Around 246 million people globally suffer from depression. Physical activity (PA) can reduce the risk of depression by 30% and is recognised as an effective treatment for mild‐to‐moderate depression (MMD). However, a high proportion of patients with MMD are currently inactive and the implementation of PA as an adherent treatment for MMD is not well understood. This study contributes to a growing body of research exploring how to support people who are experiencing MMD to increase their PA levels (i.e. initiation and maintenance). It investigated which factors individuals with MMD perceived to be important for integrating PA into the treatment of depression in adults. In‐depth interviews were carried out with individuals with MMD (N = 6), and data were analysed using thematic analysis. Two main theories of social capital that of Bourdieu and Putnam informed the discussion of findings. The initiation and maintenance of PA were linked to individual factors including health (i.e. nature of depression; comorbidities); abilities and tastes; socioeconomic status (e.g. financial position) and positive encouragement. In addition, maintenance emerged as dependent upon the choice, enjoyment, and meaningfulness of PA itself, and, for those who engaged in group PA, on social capital. PA interventions need to be personalised. This goes beyond a simple exercise prescription based on functional ability, but instead takes into account the needs, desires and capabilities of the whole person. The nature of MMD, the wider physical and socio‐economic context and the social capital that is available to the individual also need to be harnessed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nursing; 1117 Public Health and Health Services; 1607 Social Work
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SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2021 16:08
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2021 16:30

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