‘Clean athlete status’ cannot be certified: Calling for caution, evidence and transparency in ‘alternative’ anti-doping systems

PETRÓCZI, Andrea, BACKHOUSE, Susan H, BOARDLEY, Ian D, SAUGY, Martial, PITSILADIS, Yannis, VIRET, Marjolaine, IOANNIDIS, Gregory, OHL, Fabien, LOLAND, Sigmund and MCNAMEE, Mike (2021). ‘Clean athlete status’ cannot be certified: Calling for caution, evidence and transparency in ‘alternative’ anti-doping systems. International Journal of Drug Policy, 93.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.103030


Athletes, sponsors and sport organisations all have a vested interest in upholding the values of clean sport. Despite the considerable and concerted efforts of the global anti-doping system over two decades, the present system is imperfect. Capitalising upon consequent frustrations of athletes, event organisers and sponsors, alternative anti-doping systems have emerged outside the global regulatory framework. The operating principles of these systems raise several concerns, notably including accountability, legitimacy and fairness to athletes. In this paper, we scrutinise the Clean Protocol™, which is the most comprehensive alternative system, for its shortcomings through detailed analysis of its alleged logical and scientific merits. Specifically, we draw the attention of the anti-doping community – including researchers and practitioners – to the potential pitfalls of using assessment tools beyond the scope for which they have been validated, and implementing new approaches without validation. Further, we argue that whilst protecting clean sport is critically important to all stakeholders, protocols that put athletes in disadvantageous positions and/or pose risks to their professional and personal lives lack legitimacy. We criticise the use of anti-doping data and scientific research out of context, and highlight unintended harms that are likely to arise from the widespread implementation of such protocols in parallel with – or in place of – the existing global anti-doping framework.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Article version: AM ** Embargo end date: 31-12-9999 ** From Elsevier via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for AM version of this article: This article is under embargo with an end date yet to be finalised. **Journal IDs: issn 09553959 **History: issue date 26-11-2020
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.103030
SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
Depositing User: Colin Knott
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2020 16:25
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2021 01:18
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/27698

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