Cardiac stunning during haemodialysis: the therapeutic effect of intra-dialytic exercise

MCGUIRE, Scott, HORTON, Elizabeth J., RENSHAW, Derek, CHAN, Klaris, JIMENEZ GUTIERREZ, Alfonso, MADDOCK, Helen, KRISHNAN, Nithya and MCGREGOR, Gordon (2019). Cardiac stunning during haemodialysis: the therapeutic effect of intra-dialytic exercise. Clinical Kidney Journal.

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Background Cardiovascular risk is elevated in end-stage renal disease. Left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is linked to repetitive transient ischaemia occurring during haemodialysis (HD). Cardiomyocyte ischaemia results in ‘cardiac stunning’, evidenced by regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMAs). Ischaemic RWMA have been documented during HD resulting in maladaptive cardiac remodelling and increased risk of heart failure. Intra-dialytic exercise is well tolerated and can improve quality of life and functional capacity. It may also attenuate HD-induced cardiac stunning. Methods This exploratory study aimed to assess the effect of intra-dialytic cycle ergometry on cardiac stunning. Twenty exercise-naïve participants on maintenance HD (mean ± SD, 59 ± 11 years) underwent resting echocardiography and maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Subsequently, cardiac stunning was assessed with myocardial strain-derived RWMAs at four time points during (i) standard HD and (ii) HD with 30 min of sub-maximal intra-dialytic cycle ergometry at a workload equivalent to 90% oxygen uptake at the anaerobic threshold (VO2AT). Central haemodynamics and cardiac troponin I were also assessed. Results Compared with HD alone, HD with intra-dialytic exercise significantly reduced RWMAs after 2.5 h of HD (total 110 ± 4, mean 7 ± 4 segments versus total 77 ± 3, mean 5 ± 3, respectively; P = 0.008). Global cardiac function, intra-dialytic haemodynamics and LV volumetric parameters were not significantly altered with exercise. Conclusions Intra-dialytic exercise reduced cardiac stunning. Thirty minutes of sub-maximal exercise at 90% VO2AT was sufficient to elicit acute cardio-protection. These data potentially demonstrate a novel therapeutic effect of intra-dialytic exercise.

Item Type: Article
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SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2021 15:07
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2021 15:15

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