How can we meet the support needs of LGBT cancer patients in oncology? A systematic review

WEBSTER, R and DRURY-SMITH, Heather (2020). How can we meet the support needs of LGBT cancer patients in oncology? A systematic review. Radiography, 27 (2), 633-644.

Drury-Smith-HowCanWe(AM).pdf - Accepted Version
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (427kB) | Preview
Official URL:
Link to published version::


Objectives Approximately 3.6 million people in the UK identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT). Fear of discrimination and lack of sexual orientation and gender identity recording suggests LGBT people are invisible to health services. A systematic review was conducted to critically analyse primary research investigating psychosocial support needs for LGBT cancer patients during and after treatment. Key findings Twenty studies were included in the review; of which ten were qualitative, seven quantitative and three mixed methods. The main themes highlighted include health care professional knowledge and education, negative impact on mental health, lack of inclusive support groups, prevalence of discrimination within healthcare services and the disclosure or non-disclosure of sexual orientation and gender identity. Conclusion The review highlights how healthcare providers are failing LGBT cancer patients in psychosocial support resulting in unmet needs. Recommendations have been made to ensure an LGBT inclusive environment within cancer services, as well as the need to develop support services for LGBT cancer patients. Implications for practice Training should be provided for HCP staff in LGBT health and awareness. Sexual orientation and gender identity recording and monitoring is important to ensure LGBT people are not ‘invisible’ in oncology, radiotherapy and in future research. LGBT cancer support groups and resources should be created, as the review evidence suggests LGBT patients are actively looking for these resources.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Article version: AM ** Embargo end date: 31-12-9999 ** From Elsevier via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for AM version of this article: This article is under embargo with an end date yet to be finalised. **Journal IDs: issn 10788174 **History: issue date 13-08-2020; accepted 10-07-2020
Identification Number:
Page Range: 633-644
SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
Depositing User: Colin Knott
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2020 10:07
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2021 01:18

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics