Factors associated with concurrent illicit use of opiates and crack/cocaine among opiate-users in treatment: implications for treatment services in England

SONDHI, A., POINTON, L., KAWALEK, A., LEIDI, A. and BEST, David (2019). Factors associated with concurrent illicit use of opiates and crack/cocaine among opiate-users in treatment: implications for treatment services in England. Addiction Research and Theory, 28 (4), 298-304.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1080/16066359.2019.1647176


© 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Background: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with concurrent illicit drug use of opiates and crack/cocaine use among individuals receiving of opioid medication-assisted treatment (MAT) in one English rural/urban County Council area. Methods: 776 opiate users in treatment were assessed using the Addiction Dimensions for Assessment and Personalised Treatment (ADAPT) assessment tool. The tool encompasses three domains and 14 subdomains covering addiction severity, recovery strengths and coexisting health and social needs. Data were opportunistically matched to the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System (NDTMS) and the Treatment Outcome Profile (TOP). Two backward stepwise logistic regression models were run to discern the nature of concurrent illicit drug use. Results: Addiction severity (Odds Ratio [OR] 12.55, Confidence interval [CI] 6.49–24.27), low recovery strengths (OR 2.30, CI 1.30–4.07) and no ‘urge/control’ (OR 27.45, 13.18–57.16) were strongly associated with concurrent use. Individuals with moderate psychological needs were more likely to be abstinent (OR 2.97, CI 1.67–5.29) compared to those with no need. Abstaining from injecting (OR 2.38, CI 1.15–4.93), alcohol consumption (OR 1.55, CI 1.05–2.30), increasing age (OR 1.03, CI 1.01-1.06) and increased quality-of-life (OR 1.05, CI 1.00–1.10) were associated with abstinence from concurrent use. Conclusion: Practitioner assessments with self-report data offer unique perspectives on service users’ holistic needs. Interventions addressing concurrent use during MAT should consider managing urges and control of illicit Class A use, injecting and alcohol consumption within a stepped-care approach. Packages for developing recovery strengths supporting psychological need and enhancing quality-of-life is recommended.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1117 Public Health and Health Services; 1701 Psychology; Substance Abuse
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1080/16066359.2019.1647176
Page Range: 298-304
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2020 11:11
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2021 23:47
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/26916

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