The effects of exercise referral schemes in the United Kingdom in those with cardiovascular, mental health, and musculoskeletal disorders: A preliminary systematic review

ROWLEY, N, MANN, S, STEELE, J, HORTON, E and JIMENEZ GUTIERREZ, Alfonso (2018). The effects of exercise referral schemes in the United Kingdom in those with cardiovascular, mental health, and musculoskeletal disorders: A preliminary systematic review. BMC Public Health, 18, p. 949.

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Background: Exercise referral schemes within clinical populations may offer benefits for inactive and sedentary individuals, and improve and aid treatment of specific health disorders. This systematic review aims to provide an overview, and examine the impact, of exercise referral schemes in patients with cardiovascular, mental health, and musculoskeletal disorders. This review focuses on populations within the United Kingdom (UK) only, with an aim to inform national exercise referral policies and guidelines. Method: Data was collected from specific sources using validated methodology through PRISMA. Systematic searches were performed using Locate, PubMed, Scopus and Pro Quest: Public Health databases. Thirteen studies met inclusion criteria set for each sub group. This included that all studies aimed to prevent, observe, or decrease ill-health relating to the disorder, participants over the age of sixteen, and health disorders and outcomes were reviewed. All studies were conducted in the UK only. Results: In the 13 articles, a variety of modes and types of exercise were utilised. One-to-one supervised exercise sessions based in a gym environment were most frequently employed. Results showed that longer length schemes (20+ weeks) produced better health outcomes, and had higher adherence to physical activity prescribed, than those of shorter length (8-12 weeks). In patients referred with cardiovascular disorders, cardiovascular-related measures showed significant decreases including blood pressure. Schemes increased physical activity levels over the length of scheme for all disorders. Conclusion: Longer length schemes (20+ weeks) improved adherence to physical activity prescribed over the course of the scheme, and could support longer term exercise adherence upon completion, however additional research on larger samples should examine this further. An implication is that schemes currently recommended in guidelines do not tailor programmes to support long term adherence to exercise, which must be addressed. There is currently a lack of research examining programmes tailored to suit the individual's health conditions thus further research might allow providers to tailor delivery and build upon policy recommendations in the UK.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cardiovascular; Exercise referral schemes; Mental health; Musculoskeletal; Physical activity; Cardiac Rehabilitation; Exercise Therapy; Female; Humans; Mental Disorders; Mental Health; Musculoskeletal Diseases; Patient Compliance; Public Health; Referral and Consultation; Time Factors; United Kingdom; Humans; Musculoskeletal Diseases; Exercise Therapy; Patient Compliance; Mental Health; Mental Disorders; Public Health; Time Factors; Referral and Consultation; Female; United Kingdom; Cardiac Rehabilitation; 1117 Public Health and Health Services; Public Health
Identification Number:
Page Range: p. 949
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 17 May 2021 16:25
Last Modified: 17 May 2021 16:30

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