The immediate effects of passive joint mobilisation on local muscle function. A systematic review of the literature

PFLUEGLER, Georg, KASPER, Johanna and LUEDTKE, Kerstin (2019). The immediate effects of passive joint mobilisation on local muscle function. A systematic review of the literature. Musculoskeletal Science and Practice, 45, p. 102106.

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Background Passive joint mobilisation is popular among healthcare providers and their patients; however, its effectiveness for improving muscle function is not well researched and the mechanisms of action involved are unclear. Objectives To assess the effect of passive joint mobilisations on the function of muscles surrounding the targeted joints in symptomatic as well as asymptomatic individuals. Selection criteria Controlled experimental trials assessing the immediate effect of passive joint mobilisation on outcomes associated with local muscle function. Data collection Two authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted data. Main results A total of seventeen studies were included, of which ten studies reported data on asymptomatic individuals and seven studies reported data on symptomatic individuals with various conditions. There is a moderate level of evidence that joint mobilisation immediately decreases the activation of superficial muscles during low load conditions in symptomatic individuals. For asymptomatic individuals, there is a low level of evidence that passive joint mobilisation improves maximum muscle strength when compared to sham mobilisation, opposed to a very low level of evidence suggesting no effect in symptomatic individuals. The five studies reporting data on both, changes in muscle function as well as changes in pain, suggest that other, not pain-related mechanisms may play an important role regarding the reported improvement in muscle function. Conclusion Current best evidence suggests that passive joint mobilisation has the ability to immediately alter muscle function. The specific mechanisms of action involved require further basic science investigations. Registration number (PROSPERO): CRD42018117033.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** Article version: AM ** Embargo end date: 31-12-9999 ** From Elsevier via Jisc Publications Router ** Licence for AM version of this article: This article is under embargo with an end date yet to be finalised. **Journal IDs: issn 24687812 **History: issue date 26-12-2019; accepted 22-12-2019
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Page Range: p. 102106
SWORD Depositor: Colin Knott
Depositing User: Colin Knott
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2020 11:40
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 02:36

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