Oscillatory motion and merging responses of primary and satellite droplets from Newtonian liquid jets

VISWANATHAN, Harish (2019). Oscillatory motion and merging responses of primary and satellite droplets from Newtonian liquid jets. Chemical Engineering Science, 212, p. 115334.

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Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2019.115334


Numerical simulations of laminar Newtonian liquid jets are presented that divulge several breakup and merging responses for both primary and satellite droplets. Using an axisymmetric VOF model, we predict the presence of surface oscillations of droplets disintegrated from jets, which at times lead to merging of droplets when travelling downstream. Our simulations indicate that when primary droplets undergo merging, they exhibit characteristics such as i) permanent and ii) partial coalescence. We find that the partial coalescence of droplets can lead to a reflexive-like separation and then show re-merge responses. The formation of an air-bubble during the merging of binary droplets is predicted. Characteristics such as forward, rear, and simultaneous merging patterns of satellites with primary droplets are captured in our numerical simulations. Furthermore, a new merging pattern is reported wherein, satellites formed from the swellings of the jet can be absorbed back into the moving core of the liquid jet.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0904 Chemical Engineering; 0913 Mechanical Engineering; Chemical Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2019.115334
Page Range: p. 115334
SWORD Depositor: Symplectic Elements
Depositing User: Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2019 16:15
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2021 21:01
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/25400

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