Ultrahigh energy storage density lead-free multilayers by controlled electrical homogeneity

WANG, Ge, LI, Jinglei, ZHANG, Xun, FAN, Zhongming, YANG, Fan, FETEIRA, Antonio, ZHOU, Di, SINCLAIR, Derek C., MA, Tao, TAN, Xiaoli, WANG, Dawei and REANEY, Ian M. (2019). Ultrahigh energy storage density lead-free multilayers by controlled electrical homogeneity. Energy & environmental science, 12 (2), 582-588.

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Official URL: https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/201...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1039/c8ee03287d


Ultrahigh discharge energy density (Wdis = 10.5 J cm−3) and efficiency (η = 87%) have been obtained in doped BiFeO3–BaTiO3 ceramic multilayers by achieving an electrically rather than chemically homogeneous microstructure. Back scattered scanning and transmission electron microscopy combined with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy mapping of (0.7 − x)BiFeO3–0.3BaTiO3–xNd(Zn0.5Zr0.5)O3 (0.05 ≤ x ≤ 0.10) ceramics revealed a core–shell grain structure which switched from a bright to dark contrast as x increased. Compositions with x = 0.08 were at the point of cross over between these two manifestations of core–shell contrast. Dielectric measurements together with the absence of macrodomains in diffraction contrast TEM images suggested that compositions with x = 0.08 exhibited relaxor behaviour within both the core and shell regions. Impedance spectroscopy demonstrated that, despite being chemical dissimilar, the grains were electrically homogeneous and insulating with little evidence of conductive cores. Multilayers of x = 0.08 had enhanced breakdown strength, EBDS > 700 kV cm−1 and a slim hysteresis loop which resulted in large Wdis and high η which were temperature stable to <15% from 25 to 150 °C.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From Crossref via Jisc Publications Router **Journal IDs: pissn 1754-5692; eissn 1754-5706 **History: published 2019
Uncontrolled Keywords: Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, Nuclear Energy and Engineering, Pollution, Environmental Chemistry
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1039/c8ee03287d
Page Range: 582-588
SWORD Depositor: Margaret Boot
Depositing User: Margaret Boot
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2019 11:38
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 06:32
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/23856

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