The rolling resistance of wheelchairs

HAMILTON, N. D. R., SENIOR, T. and HAAKE, Steve (2004). The rolling resistance of wheelchairs. In: HUBBARD, M., MEHTA, R. D. and PALLIS, J. M., (eds.) The engineering of sport 5. International sport engineering association, 117-122.

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The performance of racing wheelchairs as mechanical systems has been examined. The factors contributing to the rolling resistance of the wheelchair: internal resistance, tyres, surface type, wheel alignment and system mass, were all considered. Significant increases in rolling resistance have previously been reported for small misalignments of the rear wheels at rates below racing speeds. A tool was developed that allows the alignment of the rear wheels to be measured simply and accurate to 0.2°. A system to allow the direct measurement of rolling resistance was constructed and measurements were taken over a wide range of cambers, misalignments and speeds. It was found that rolling resistance increased to 3 N at 6 ms-1 and that wheel misalignment produced the highest rolling resistance particularly at low speeds.

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: Proceedings of the 5th international conference on the engineering of sport
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Page Range: 117-122
Depositing User: Carole Harris
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2010 15:51
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 11:01

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