The use of biofeedback for gait retraining: A mapping review

VAN GELDER, Linda, BARNES, Andrew, WHEAT, Jonathan and HELLER, Ben (2018). The use of biofeedback for gait retraining: A mapping review. Clinical Biomechanics, 59, 159-166.

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Background: Biofeedback seems to be a promising tool to improve gait outcomes for both healthy individuals and patient groups. However, due to differences in study designs and outcome measurements, it remains uncertain how different forms of feedback affect gait outcomes. Therefore, the aim of this study is to review primary biomechanical literature which has used biofeedback to alter gait-related outcomes in human participants. Methods: Medline, Cinahl, Cochrane, SPORTDiscus and Pubmed were searched from inception to December 2017 using various keywords and the following MeSHterms: biofeedback, feedback, gait, walking and running. From the included studies, sixteen different study characteristics were extracted. Findings: In this mapping review 173 studies were included. The most common feedback mode used was visual feedback (42%, n=73) and the majority fed-back kinematic parameters (36%, n=62). The design of the studies were poor: only 8% (n=13) of the studies had both a control group and a retention test; 69% (n=120) of the studies had neither. A retention test after 6 months was performed in 3% (n=5) of the studies, feedback was faded in 9% (n=15) and feedback was given in the field rather than the laboratory in 4% (n=8) of the studies. Interpretation: Further work on biofeedback and gait should focus on the direct comparison between different modes of feedback or feedback parameters, along with better designed and field based studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gait; movement retraining; biofeedback; real-time feedback
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Sports Engineering Research
Departments - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Health and Well-being > Department of Sport
Identification Number:
Page Range: 159-166
Depositing User: Jill Hazard
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2018 09:06
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 03:33

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