Avoidant conversations about death by clinicians causes delays in reporting of neutropenic sepsis: Grounded theory study

OAKLEY, Catherine, TAYLOR, Cath, REAM, Emma and METCALFE, Alison (2016). Avoidant conversations about death by clinicians causes delays in reporting of neutropenic sepsis: Grounded theory study. Psycho-Oncology, 26 (10), 1505-1512.

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Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/po...
Link to published version:: https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.4320


BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests patients delay reporting symptoms of neutropenic sepsis (NS) despite the risk to their life. This study aimed to elicit factors that contribute to delayed patient reporting of NS symptoms. METHODS: A constructivist grounded theory study used observations of chemotherapy consultations (13 hours) and 31 in-depth interviews to explore beliefs, experiences and behaviors related to NS. Participants included women with breast cancer, their carers (partners, family or friends) and clinicians. An explanation for patient delays was developed through theoretical sampling of participants to explore emerging areas of interest and through constant comparison of data and their coding. This entailed iterative and concurrent data collection and analysis. Data were collected until saturation. RESULTS: All patients who developed NS type symptoms delayed presenting to hospital (2.5 hours - 8 days), sometimes repeatedly. Moderators of delay included metastatic disease, bereavement, fatalism, religious beliefs and quality of relationships with clinicians. There was an interplay of behaviours between clinicians, patients and carers where they subconsciously conspired to underplay the seriousness and possibility of NS occurring. CONCLUSIONS: Findings have implications for health risk communication and development of holistic service models.

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Health and Social Care Research
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.4320
Page Range: 1505-1512
Depositing User: Justine Gavin
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2018 13:40
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 01:03
URI: https://shura.shu.ac.uk/id/eprint/21994

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