Mapping drug distribution in brain tissue using liquid extraction surface analysis mass spectrometry imaging

SWALES, John G., TUCKER, James W., SPREADBOROUGH, Michael J., IVERSON, Suzanne L., CLENCH, Malcolm, WEBBORN, Peter J. H. and GOODWIN, Richard J. A. (2015). Mapping drug distribution in brain tissue using liquid extraction surface analysis mass spectrometry imaging. Analytical Chemistry, 87 (19), 10146-10152.

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Liquid extraction surface analysis mass spectrometry (LESA-MS) is a surface sampling technique that incorporates liquid extraction from the surface of tissue sections with nanoelectrospray mass spectrometry. Traditional tissue analysis techniques usually require homogenization of the sample prior to analysis via high-performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (HPLC–MS), but an intrinsic weakness of this is a loss of all spatial information and the inability of the technique to distinguish between actual tissue penetration and response caused by residual blood contamination. LESA-MS, in contrast, has the ability to spatially resolve drug distributions and has historically been used to profile discrete spots on the surface of tissue sections. Here, we use the technique as a mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) tool, extracting points at 1 mm spatial resolution across tissue sections to build an image of xenobiotic and endogenous compound distribution to assess drug blood–brain barrier penetration into brain tissue. A selection of penetrant and “nonpenetrant” drugs were dosed to rats via oral and intravenous administration. Whole brains were snap-frozen at necropsy and were subsequently sectioned prior to analysis by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) and LESA-MSI. MALDI-MSI, as expected, was shown to effectively map the distribution of brain penetrative compounds but lacked sufficient sensitivity when compounds were marginally penetrative. LESA-MSI was used to effectively map the distribution of these poorly penetrative compounds, highlighting its value as a complementary technique to MALDI-MSI. The technique also showed benefits when compared to traditional homogenization, particularly for drugs that were considered nonpenetrant by homogenization but were shown to have a measurable penetration using LESA-MSI.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From Crossref via Jisc Publications Router.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Analytical Chemistry
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Biomedical Research Centre
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Page Range: 10146-10152
SWORD Depositor: Hilary Ridgway
Depositing User: Hilary Ridgway
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2017 12:29
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2021 19:45

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