Gastrointestinal complications of antirheumatic drugs

RAINSFORD, Kim, KEAN, I.R.L. and KEAN, W.F. (2017). Gastrointestinal complications of antirheumatic drugs. In: RAMOS-CASALS, Manuel, KHAMASHTA, Munther, BRITÓ-ZERON, Pilar, ATZENI, Fabiola and RODÉS TEIXIDOR, Joan, (eds.) Handbook of systemic autoimmune diseases. The digestive involvement in systemic autoimmune diseases. Amsterdam, Elsevier, 411-452.

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Recently, there have been major changes in the understanding of the occurrence and pattern of adverse reactions in the gastrointestinal tract attributed to the antirheumatic drugs. Major changes among these include: (1) the increasing awareness of the multiorgan system toxicity of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and the disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs); (2) comorbidities from the occurrence of different rheumatic diseases especially cardiovascular disease; (3) the widespread use of aspirin and other antithrombotic drugs to control cardiovascular complications with consequent increase in the incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) complications; (4) the increasing use of antiacid secretory agents proton-pump inhibitors, H2-receptor antagonists alone or in fixed combinations with NSAIDs to reduce the occurrence of serious GI reactions (upper GI bleeding and ulceration), but with apparently profound consequences for the intestinal microbiome in the form of dysbiosis and intestinal inflammation; and (5) the changing pattern of use of NSAIDs and DMARDs especially in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The complications in the form of iatrogenic disease that occur in the GI tract from use of agents to protect the GI tract from NSAIDs are of particular concern.

Item Type: Book Section
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Biomedical Research Centre
Identification Number:
Page Range: 411-452
Depositing User: Margaret Boot
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2017 10:59
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 00:46

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