Individual variation in hunger, energy intake and ghrelin responses to acute exercise

KING, J.A., DEIGHTON, K, BROOM, David, WASSE, L.K., DOUGLAS, J.A., BURNS, S.F., CORDERY, P.A., PETHERICK, E.S., BATTERHAM, R.L., GOLTZ, F.R., THACKRAY, A.E., YATES, T and STENSEL, D.J. (2017). Individual variation in hunger, energy intake and ghrelin responses to acute exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49 (6), 1219-1228.

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Purpose: To characterise the immediate and extended impact of acute exercise on hunger, energy intake and circulating acylated ghrelin concentrations using a large dataset of homogenous experimental trials; and to describe the variation in responses between individuals. Methods: Data from 17 of our group’s experimental crossover trials were aggregated yielding a total sample of 192 young, healthy, males. In these studies, single bouts of moderate to high-intensity aerobic exercise (69 ± 5% VO2 peak; mean ± SD) were completed with detailed participant assessments occurring during and for several hours post-exercise. Mean hunger ratings were determined during (n = 178) and after (n = 118) exercise from visual analogue scales completed at 30 min intervals whilst ad libitum energy intake was measured within the first hour after exercise (n = 60) and at multiple meals (n = 128) during the remainder of trials. Venous concentrations of acylated ghrelin were determined at strategic time points during (n = 118) and after (n = 89) exercise. Results: At group-level, exercise transiently suppressed hunger (P < 0.010; Cohen’s d = 0.77) but did not affect energy intake. Acylated ghrelin was suppressed during exercise (P < 0.001; Cohen’s d = 0.10) and remained significantly lower than control (no exercise) afterwards (P < 0.024; Cohen’s d = 0.61). Between participants, there were notable differences in responses however a large proportion of this spread lay within the boundaries of normal variation associated with biological and technical assessment error. Conclusion: In young men, acute exercise suppresses hunger and circulating acylated ghrelin concentrations with notable diversity between individuals. Care must be taken to distinguish true inter-individual variation from random differences within normal limits. KEY WORDS: Physical activity, Energy balance, Appetite, Variation

Item Type: Article
Research Institute, Centre or Group - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Centre for Sport and Exercise Science
Departments - Does NOT include content added after October 2018: Health and Well-being > Department of Sport
Identification Number:
Page Range: 1219-1228
Depositing User: Amanda Keeling
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2017 13:58
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2021 15:31

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